A look into Sweden’s Governmental structure
The Constitution of Sweden consists of 4 fundamental laws. The foremost necessary is the Instrument of Government of 1974 which circles out the essential principles of political life in Sweden, process rights and freedoms. The Act of Succession may be a accord between the previous Riksdag of the Estates and House of Bernadotte regulating their rights to accede to the Swedish throne.
The 4 fundamental laws are:
- Instrument of Government (1974)
- Act of Succession (1809)
- Freedom of the Press Act (1766)
- Fundamental Law on Freedom of Expression (1991
- King Carl XVI Gustaf of the House of Bernadotte became king in 1973. His authority is formal, symbolic, and representational.
- Heiress apparent to the throne is Crown Princess Victoria since 1980.
Head of government
Prime Minister of Sweden
The prime minister of Sweden is appointive by the speaker of the Riksdag and voted through negative parliamentarism. In practice, this suggest that the prime minister nominee is confirmed if fewer than 175 members of parliament vote ‘no’, irrespective of the number of ‘yes’ votes or abstentions.
Government of Sweden
The highest executive authority of the state is entrusted within the government, which involves a prime minister and roughly twenty-two ministers who leads the ministries. The ministers are appointed at the sole discretion of the prime minister.
The prime minister is appointive by the speaker and appointed succeeding a vote in the Riksdag itself. The monarch plays no half during this process. The sole thanks to get rid of a government is through a motion of no confidence (misstroendevotum) in the Riksdag.
This motion must get a majority of the whole variety of votes in the Riksdag (not less than 175). Another example of the power the legislature has given the government is the adoption of the budget in the Riksdag. The government’s proposition to budget is adopted, unless a majority of the members of the Riksdag vote against it. This is to make it possible to govern even in minority.
The main functions of the government are to:
- Present bills to the Riksdag
- Implement decisions taken by the Riksdag
- Exercise responsibility for the budget approved by the Riksdag
- Represent Sweden in the European Union
- Enter into agreements with alternative states
- Directing central government activities
Riksdag and Member of Parliament (Sweden)
The unicameral Riksdag has 349 members, popularly elected every 4 years. It is in period commonly from September through mid-June.
The Riksdag in Stockholm
Inside the Riksdag
Legislation may be commenced by the Cabinet or by members of the Riksdag. Members are elected on the basis of comparative representation for a 4-year term. The Riksdag can alter the Constitution of Sweden, but only with approval by a supermajority and confirmation after the following general elections.
Political parties and elections
A general election is held alongside local and regional elections every four years. The last election was held on 11 September 2018
Judiciary of Sweden
Swedish law, drawing on Germanic, Roman, and Anglo-American law, is neither as codified as in France and alternative countries influenced by the Napoleonic Code, nor as reliant on judicial practice and precedents as in the United States.
- Courts: Civil and criminal jurisdiction
- Supreme Court or Högsta domstolen (literally The Highest Court)
- Courts of appeal or Hovrätter (literally Royal Court)
- District courts or Tingsrätter (literally Thing assembly Court)
- Administrative Courts: Litigation between the Public and the Government.
- The Supreme Administrative Court or Högsta förvaltningsdomstolen (literally Government/Regent Court)
- Administrative courts of appeal or Kammarrätter (literally Chamber Court)
- Administrative courts or Förvaltningsrätt (literally Administration Court)
- The Parliamentary Ombudsman or Justitieombudsmannen
- The Chancellor of Justice or Justitiekanslern
Sweden’s administrative divisions by Counties
Sweden is divided into twenty-one counties, with a county having its own administrative board and a county council. Each county contains various municipalities, in total 290. Stockholm is the capital of Sweden. The king, the Riksdag and the government have their permanent seat in Stockholm. Up to 1968 when the Over governor’s Office was incorporated into Stockholm County, it had a special status.